terms of biodiversity, the Garden Route
is one of the most important nature
reserves in the country
and therefore, it does not only attract
tourists - from home and abroad. In
landscape along the coast of the Indian
is also an important,
scientific research object
of universities from all over the world.
of this ecosystems
of indigenous forests, coastal boondocks,
natural water courses and lakes, as
well as the fynbos vegetation along
the coasts and sandy beaches, forms
mosaic of landscape and vegetation forms
that has achieved world fame for it's extraordinary
of its complex interactions between
the different vegetation and landscape
the Garden Route is a critical, because
sensitive research focus. The "Afromontane
forest" of this region, together
with the primeval forests near the coast,
is the largest contiguous forest area
in the whole of southern Africa - sometimes
even with a closed canopy. The Afromontane
Forests of this region, together with
the primeval forests near the coast,
the largest contiguous forest area in
the whole of southern Africa
- some- times even with a closed canopy.
The fynbos vegetation along the beaches
is part of the Cape
Floral Kingdom, the so-called "Capensis",
whose unique botanical biodiversity
is home to more
than a fifth of all plant species on
the African continent.
the dense forest areas, the
is not so easy to spot, whereas their
tracks and droppings are almost everywhere.
As larger game, the bush pig, the bushbuck,
blue duikers, baboons and green vervet
monkeys occur as well as predators -
leopards and caracals.
such as the knysna loerie, the narina
trogon, the olive thrush, the chorister
robin-chat and cape robin-chat (belonging
to the family of flycatchers / muscicapidae)
as well as the white-starred robin,
are difficult to spot in the dense vegetation.
If you want to be able to see them,
you should have good hearing that can
also tell apart birdsongs.
who meanders through the primeval forests
on hiking trails or in a paddle
boat will come across tree
such as ironwood, yellowwood, white
pear, stinkwood, cherrywood and cape
beech. However, these tree species -
apart from their familiar-sounding names
- have neither too much to do with pears,
nor with cherries or beeches.
particularly damp areas, you
will encounter huge tree ferns,
various climbers (e.g. wild grape),
tree orchids, (such as old
man’s beard and tree orchids), mosses,
lichens and colour- ful fungi.
the entire region is considered to be
part of the temperate "Mediterranean
winter rain climate zone", you
will find a greater botanical diversity
in the forests and in the fynbos along
the coast, than in most of the tropical